Definition – What does Fiber Optic Cable mean?
Fiber Optic Cable or Optical Fiber Cable is a type of cable that has a number of optical fibers bundled together that are normally covered in their individual protective plastic covers. Mostly these cables are used to transfer digital data signals in the form of light up to distances of more than hundreds of miles with the higher throughput rates than those achievable via the electrical communication cables. Fiber Optic Cable uses a core of hair like silicon covered with less refractive indexed cladding to avoid light leakage to the surroundings.
Glossary Web explains Fiber Optic Cable
Because Fiber Optic Cable transmits data via light waves, they can transfer information at the speed of light. It provides faster data transfer rates of any data transmission medium and less susceptible to noise and interference compared to copper wires or telephone lines. However, these cables are more fragile than their metallic counterparts and therefore require more protective shielding. Although copper wires can be spliced and mended as many times as needed, broken fiber optic cables often need to be replaced. Today, there are two different types of Fiber Optic Cable are available to use such as Single-mode fiber and Multi-mode fiber.